N Scheme ece Syllabus experiment: Clippers and Clampers:
AIM: To simulate Clippers and Clampers

Material required:
1. MULTISIM Software Loaded PC = 1 No.
2. Printer = 1 No.

Procedure:
1. Theory
2. Design Circuit
3. Simulation Procedure
4. Output Waveform

THEORY:
The diode clipper, also known as a diode limiter, is a wave shaping circuit that limits positive or negative amplitude, or both. In electronics, diode clipper circuits are commonly used to process various signals. It is is a circuit designed to prevent a signal from exceeding a predetermined reference voltage level. Clipping changes the shape of the waveform and alters its spectral components.

The clamper circuits are also called DC restorers. These circuits are especially used to shift the applied waveforms to above or below levels of the DC reference voltage without showing the impact on the shape of the waveform. This shifting tends to modify the Vdc level of the applied wave.

DESIGN CIRCUIT:
Positive Clipper
Positive Clipper Function Generator Settings

Positive Clipper CRO output
Negative Clipper

Negative Clipper Function Generator Settings

Negative Clipper CRO output

Biased Clipper with diode

Biased Clipper with diode Function Generator Settings

Biased Clipper with diode cro output

Positive Clampers circuit

Positive Clampers output waveform

Negative Clampers circuit

Negative Clampers circuit output

Simulation Procedure:
• Open MULTISIM Software.
• Click=> New => Design1
• Click save as in Desk Top rename the Design1 to your circuit name.
• Go to Component tool bar and select the components.
• Draw the circuit of clipper and clamber as shown above.
• Set the input Sine wave frequency of 1 KHz to input and voltage =5V.
• Click simulate button or press F5 key => RUN
• Measure the input and output wave with CRO.
• Note down the input and output voltage and waveforms.
• Take printout.
Result:
Thus the clipper and clamper circuits are designed and verified.

Questions with answers:
1. Define rectifier
Rectifier is an electronic device which converts Alternating Current (AC) to Direct Current (DC) by allowing electric current to flow through it in only one direction.

2. DC stands for –
Direct Current

3. AC stands for –
Alternating Current

4. Define Direct Current (DC)
Direct Current (DC) is an electric current that flows in only one direction.

5. Define Alternating Current (AC)
Alternating Current (AC) is an electric current which reverses its direction many times a second at regular intervals.

video Tutorial:

All experiments should be designed and verified through simulation tools like Multisim.
1. Zener diode (Forward and Reverse bias characteristics)
2. Rectifier circuits ( Half wave, Full wave, Bridge rectifier with filters)
3. Power supply with Zener diode as Regulator
4. Common Base transistor output characteristics
5. Common emitter amplifier (Implementation of Current Series negative feedback)
6. Emitter follower (Implementation of Voltage Series negative feedback)
7. RC Coupled amplifier (Implementation of the concept of multistage amplifier)
8. Clippers and Clampers
9. RC Phase shift oscillator (Medium frequency Sine wave generators)
10. Hartley oscillator (High frequency Sine wave generator)
11. Astable Multivibrator (Square or Rectangular wave generator)
12. Gate triggering of SCR with various gate currents.