Current Sensor Module Details:
The microcurrent precision current sensor is a module capable to measure a current level up to 5A. This current sensor module is based upon the ZMCT103C IC. The module has 4 output pins and provides an analog output corresponding to the AC current passing through the wire.
1. Ground (G)
3. Signal Out
Working of a Current Sensor:
Current sensors operate on the principle of variation of magnetic field change between two coils. It generates highly accurate, low noise output voltage signals which are proportional to the applied AC current.
The module is in a donut shape which has an epoxy encapsulation, inside which a secondary coil(Ns) is coiled around a ferrite bead. The wire whose current has to be measured is passed through the donut hole and the wire then acts as a primary coil and the change in the magnetic field results in the desired outputs. The measurement accuracy of the device can be improved by increasing the number of turns in the primary coil. This current transformer comes in use for multiple applications including HEV inverters, Electronic power steering systems, detecting circuit overload, load drop, and shutdown.
Current Sensor Module with MCU:
The ZMCT103 current sensor module can be connected to a microcontroller or a processor easily. The module has 4 output pins, two of which are to be shorted. The output pins are as follows; VCC, Ground, Analog Output.
There are two grounds in the current sensor module which are to be shorted and connected to the ground of the MCU. The VCC pin is connected to the 5V of the MCU and the OUT pin on the module is to be connected to the Analog input pin of the MCU/MPU. Once the connections are completed, the wire whose current has to be measured is to be passed through the donut-shaped ZMCT103C IC as shown in the image above.
1. Measuring AC currents.
2. Monitor any current surges.
3. Ground fault detection.
4. Household electrical equipment.
Features of Current Sensor:
1. Current Ratio: 5 A:5 mA
2. Rated Primary Current at 50/60 Hz: 5 A
3. Winding D.C. Resistance at 20 °C: 155 Ω
4. Maximum Primary Current at 50/60 Hz: 20 A
5. Transformer Turns Ratio: Np:Ns = 1000:1
6. Isolation Voltage: 4500V
7. Onboard sampling resistor, to drop the voltage to lower levels
8. Operating Temperature: -40 to 85 °C
9. Pin Length of the secondary coil (encapsulation) > 3mm
10. Epoxy Encapsulation